Information about GERD Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment options, and GERD Medication
For information on Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) visit:



Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)


GERD During Pregnancy*

Heartburn is a frequent occurrence during pregnancy. It is thought to be due to mechanical as well as hormonal changes. Lifestyle modifications and over-the-counter antacids are safe. H2-RA  group of medications should only be used under the advice of a physician who would weigh the benefits and risks; however, they are generally considered safe - Pregnancy Category B - except for nizatidine [Axid] that is Category C.  PPIs are Category C with the exception of  lansoprazole which is considered Category B (and according to its manufacturer "should be used during pregnancy only if clearly needed").

* The following table describes teratogenic risk-factors as defined by the US Food and Drug Administration:
          Category                      Description of Risk                 
                A                Controlled studies show no risk
                B                No evidence of risk in humans
                C                Risk cannot be ruled out
                D                Positive human evidence of fetal risk
                X                Contraindicated in pregnancy









         This is an educational site created by M. Farivar, M.D. The information provided is the author's opinion based on years of clinical experience and research.  You are advised to consult your own physician about the applicability of this information to your particular needs.  Also, keep in mind that symptom response to therapy does not preclude the presence of more serious conditions. 

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